Visit our Icelandic Chicken Sales Page for details on purchasing chicks, started birds and hatching eggs and be sure to check out our Facebook page 'Icelandic Chickens of Whippoorwill Farm' for more photos and information about our flock.
Íslenska landnámshænan - "Icelandic hen of the settlers."
Considered an Old World treasure, Icelandic chickens were brought to Iceland by the Vikings in the 9th century AD and were found on most farms for centuries. Indeed, one of their Icelandic names -- Íslenska landnámshænan -- means Icelandic hen of the settlers. With the advent of the commercial type chickens, the Icelandic breed was nearly extinct by the 1950s. All the birds now existing ( estimated to be around 5000 ) are descended from a very small group of fowl saved in the 1970s. The Icelandic chicken is significantly different genetically than modern chicken breeds. According to an interview with the former president of the Icelandic preservation association (Júlíus Baldursson), a 2004 study of blood samples from the Icelandic chicken, done in Britain, revealed that 78% of the DNA of the Icelandic chicken was unique and could not be found in any other chicken breeds in the world. It is for this reason that crossing with other breeds is strongly discouraged, once crossed, the offspring and descendants from these crosses can never be considered Icelandics.
"Keeping them pure is the only way they can be preserved. They have been around for over a thousand years. We must be responsible keepers of this treasure." - Lyle Behl
A landrace, with no set standard, Icelandic chickens come in a variety of plumage colours, comb types and skin colours. They're excellent layers of richly flavored, ivory or tinted coloured eggs. The perfect farmstead chicken for those that like to have the diversity of a colourful flock, but want to keep just one breed. Known for their hardiness, prolific egg laying and docile nature, Icelandic chickens are adapatable to many climates and thrive in almost any type of management program. They really shine when allowed to free-range and are capable of foraging for much of their own food.
Check out the links below for more information on Icelandic Chickens:
Mother Earth News article
Farm Show Magazine
History of Landnámshænan
Whippoorwill Farm, is a small, Scandinavian inspired farmstead and art studio in northern Wisconsin. We selected Icelandic sheep and Icelandic chickens to breed and compliment our farm because of their hardiness and adaptable nature. We maintain flocks of all four imports (lines) and take a limited number of individual hatching orders for our Icelandic chicks, we also sell hatching eggs and started birds when available. We’ve been raising Icelandic chickens since 2006 as a farmstead preservation flock and because of our experience and proactive breeding program, Whippoorwill Farm's Icelandic Chickens are considered by many to be one of the most colourful and genetically diverse preservation flocks of Icelandic Chickens in North America. Our flock is NPIP certified and we do not keep any other breeds of poultry on our farm to ensure the purity and genetic antiquity of our birds.
Our chickens are from five imports representing five preservation farms in Iceland. The U.S. Icelandic chicken lines are named after their importers and /or the farm in Iceland where they originate and are referred to as the Behl line or Kolsholt Import, Sigrid's Line or Steiner II Import, Hlesey Line/ Import and Husatoftir Line/Import. The Behl line birds came from Kolsholt farm, Sigrid's line from Steiner II and Syðstu Fossum farms, from Húsatóftir farm and Hlésey.
We spent 13 years collecting genetics for our flock and maintain flocks of all four recognized lines or imports, selecting only the best individuals for our breeding program. What we usually put together and recommend to our customers is a mix of these lines for the most genetic and colour diversity. We rotate roosters frequently through-out the breeding season and bring in new genetics from other reputable breeders from time to time. There should be no concerns about receiving too closely related individuals, or enough genetic diversity to start your flock, we have one of the largest genetic pools in North America.
Considering that all of the lines in the U.S., developed from very small populations of birds, we feel that mixed Icelandic lines are the best option for those looking for a self-sustaining farmstead flock for longterm health and vitality. Using the clan mating system, or spiral breeding program, one could essentially go on forever with an order of our chicks. In Iceland, it is now common for preservation farms to exchange birds (mainly roosters) every few years amongst themselves to bring in new genetics, but historically, Icelandic chickens would have been kept as isolated, tightly inbred flocks as most farms were cut off from each other by geography. Our breeding goals have been to maintain genetic diversity, produce pure, healthy, representations of the landrace, keep the individual characteristics of each line intact and stay true to the breed description.
If you're a breeder looking for a particular Icelandic chicken line to work with, send an email to: firstname.lastname@example.org I'll be glad to work with you and let you know when they're available, or direct you to another breeder working on that particular import. This season, we will be offering limited numbers of day-old chicks from our Hlesey and Husatoftir lines with a minimum order of 25, no mixing.